The bowl in the middle is full of dried beetles. The crushed beetles create the bright red color, and create more colors when mixed with different ingredients.
Our guide and driver took us to this incredible family-owned plantation for lunch on our way to Urubamba: Hacienda Huayoccari.
On the other hand, we could have stopped by the side of the road for some roasted guinea pig on a stick. Quite popular in Peru... we passed.